For Students and Teachers

After teaching Poetry, I have realized that poetry is the simplest literary work to analyze and write for yourself. It is the shortest and the simplest work of art, so the students and the teachers should take it as a starting point for analyzing and creating literary works.
I will be giving a lot of experiences in analyzing and composing literature, but to begin with, here are the 15 steps on analyzing literature:

1.         About the author. Here the reader gives the background information of the poet. This information helps the reader to connect the life of the poet with his/her works of art.
2.         Title. This leads to the discussion of whether the title is direct or indirect. Most literary titles are indirect.
3.         Brief Summary/Paraphrase of the poem. This part deals with the short synopsis of the particular poem. It mostly begins with ‘The poem is about…..’
4. Persona. (Who is speaking in the poem). Here we tell the state or condition of the speaker, not a poet, poet’s name. For example, the state or condition of the speaker may be oppressed, tortured, or humiliated condition.
5. Addressee. (Whom the speaker is speaking to). Here we also tell the state or condition of the one who is being spoken to, that is, the audience or the reader. For example, the state of an addressee may be a speaker’s fellow who is oppressed, humiliated, and tortured like the speaker.
6.         Tone. Attitude, feeling or emotional attachment of the poet towards the audience and the subject matter.
7.         Mood. Mood of the poem is the attitude or the feeling the poem creates to the readers.
8.         Structure of the poem. The way the poem is organized into how many stanzas or verses.
9.         Kind of the poem. This is the description of the type of the poem in concern.
10.       Sound devices of the poem. The reader should understand the sound and rhythm of the poem through various aspects like alliteration, assonance, repetition, rhyming and refrain.
11.       Language and imagery. This deals with the poet’s application of language in his/her poem.
12.       Themes found in the poem. This includes the issues that are addressed by the poet.
13.       Message of the poem. This is what is communicated or conveyed in the poem or an underlying theme that can be drawn from the poem.
14.       Lesson of the poem. This is something learned or to be learned from the poem.
15.       Relevance of the poem. This shows whether the poem reflects the experiences of the contemporary societies.

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