Here are the Best Ways to Study & Teach ‘Writing Expository compositions/essays’ in Form Three – ‘O’ Level English

Previously in Unit 10:2, we discussed about how to teach the sub topic ‘Locating important places’ in Form Two. In this sub topic, we discussed how important it is to guide students in locating important places in their surrounding by using correct and appropriate prepositions.

In this Unit 10:3, we will share how to study and teach the sub topic “Writing expository compositions/essays’ in Form Three. In this sub topic, Form Three students will be equipped with the correct or appropriate ways of writing an expository composition/essay.

(NB: For Literature in English Subject, Check out LITERATURE IN ENGLISH BLOG!)
                                                                    
THE FOLLOWING IS THE COMPREHENSIVE TEACHING GUIDE ON THE SUB TOPIC:

A: INFORMATION OF THE TOPIC:
1. Topic: WRITING USING APPROPRIATE LANGUAGE CONTENT AND STYLE
2. Sub Topic: Writing expository compositions/essays
3. Periods per sub topic: 12
4: Class: Form Three.
B: HOW TO TEACH THE TOPIC:

GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF THE SUB TOPIC
The aim of this sub topic is to enable students to write factual information on a particular topic/subject matter. The writing involved here is that of the real, tangible, or factual things. This is not imaginative writing.

(Also: For Literature in English Subject, Check out my Literature in English Blog. Also check out My Diary for Diary Writing Inspiration and More! )

5. ACTIVITIES AND GAMES TO FACILITATE A LESSON
(Also you can click Plans and Stages of Essay Writing for more on planning of an essay)

ACTIVITY 1: BRAINSTORMING ABOUT THE TOPIC.
The teacher introduces students to the key concepts of the sub topic such as definition of expository, expository writing, and expository essay.
By definition, Expository writing is the type of writing that is used to explain, describe and give information on a particular topic.

An expository essay is the type of essay that requires the student to investigate the topic, evaluate the supporting evidences, explain the topic, and put the details of the whole explanation in a concise and clear manner.

When writing an expository composition, the writer should not assume that the readers know what he/she wants to present. Thus, the writer should use details and organisation so that the readers can fully understand the content of the composition.
The teacher discusses with the students on these important concepts and emphasize that factual writing involves writing of the actual things.

The Expository essay can be accomplished through various details and skills like;
  • Definitions to clarify the terms,
  • Moderate use of examples,
  • Comparison and contrast, and
  • The analysis of cause and effect,
For Parts of an essay and Teacher’s Sample click PARTS OF ESSAY or 3 Important Parts of an Esaay

FEATURES OF A GOOD EXPOSITORY ESSAY
A teacher can also discuss with the students the features of a good expository essay. These features are helpful when they start writing their expository essays in the coming activities:
Features of a good expository essay.
  • An expository essay should have a clear thesis statement. This is the clear information given in the first paragraph of the essay. It is also called an introduction of an essay.
  • An expository essay should also have clear transitions between the introduction, main body and the conclusion. This means, a good expository essay is the essay that shows clear connections between parts by using clear transitional words or conjunctions. You can always down load a sample essay to see how transitions are used in an essay or click How Essays are Well-Connected together to see how transitions are used to connect an essay together.
  • Supporting evidences. A good essay has body paragraphs that include clear evidences that support the explained points. Without supporting evidences and examples the essay looks like an empty vessel.
  • An essay should also be creative. A student should attempt to write an essay that will impress the readers and leave everlasting impression.
  • A good conclusion of an essay should not only restate the explained points but also readdress the matter according to the evidences provided.


ACTIVITY 2: SELECTING THE TOPIC AND WRITING THE FIRST DRAFT.
At this point, the teacher guides students to select topics available. Under teacher’s guidance, the students discuss and select various topics such as causes of poverty, gender and violence, conflict resolution, and types of road accidents. The teacher should make sure that he/she leads a discussion so that the students cannot pick irrelevant topics. After discussing various topics and selecting the topic to write on, the students can now write the first draft in their pairs or groups.

An example of the topic selected may be CAUSES OF CORRUPTION. Follow this link Teacher's Sample to check Teacher’s sample. Or see an example below:



As students write their first draft in pairs or groups, the teacher should move around and assist students where necessary.

ACTIVITY 3: EDITING THE FIRST DRAFT
At this stage, students in their pairs or group, can revise and edit their works focusing on the content of the topic, correct spelling, checking if they have followed parts of a good essay, and mechanical errors.

ACTIVITY 4: POSTING THE WORKS ON THE WALLS FOR DISPLAY.
As part of their motivation, post the students’ compositions on the wall for others to visit and read. These compositions should be those that are the best of all!

6: CONNECTION: Beyond the Sub Topic. This sub topic is the topic that is special for helping students master the expository writing skills, the skills that help students write factual information.

7: NOTE: This sub topic is taught effectively when students are actively involved in writing activities. They should be taught how essay composition is organized and how the content is delivered.
This type of essay is commonly used as a tool for classroom assessment, and it is also found in various examination formats. Thus, the teachers are strongly advised to guide their students to follow the correct formats of writing various kinds of essays including the expository essay.
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Check out how to Study & Teach other Form Three Sub Topics in this Blog!

Related Topics:

Also check out:
Form I Sub topics, at FORM I SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW
Form II Sub topics, at FORM II SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW
Form IV Sub topics, at FORM IV SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW  

For more on Literature Topics, check out Literature in English Blog
For how to be professional keeper of your Diary in Kiswahili or English, check out My Diary

For Form IV NECTA Examination Sections, check out ELABORATED CSEE NECTA EXAMINATION SECTIONS



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Retrieved on 22nd May 2017

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