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Sunday, 16 February 2020

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INTRODUCTION
Stating Directions is the topic that aims at helping Form One students to ask for directions and use Four Points of the Compass appropriately to show different directions.
In our daily life, we give and ask for various directions. And in another way, we use more advanced ways by applying four or more points of compass directions. With help of real environments, maps and the globe we locate numerous points at the same time.

FIVE ASPECTS ON STATING DIRECTIONS 
There are five important aspects when giving and asking for directions. These aspects are:
(1) IMPORTANT VERBS, PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASES
The following verbs, prepositions and phrases are used often in giving and asking for directions:
Turn left, turn right, go straight, zebra crossing, take a bus, take a bodaboda, take bajaj, on your left, on your right hand, get, It is on the left, It is on the right, It is straight on, opposite, near, next to, between, at the end of Majengo street, on the corner of Kawawa road, at the end of Jamhuri Street, Behind the Petrol station, in front of the Bar, just around the corner from here, go along, cross, Take the first/second road on the left/right, on/at the corner, behind, in front of, (just) around the corner. 

(2) IMPORTANT SIGNS, PLACES AND LANDMARKS
These are places or important structures in our villages, towns, and cities that are important in locating different places. Some of them are:
Bank, Library, traffic lights, crossroads, junction, level crossing, signpost, T-junction, dead end, underpass, roundabout, flyover, motorway bridge, railway bridge, dual carriageway, pedestrian crossing, zebra crossing
(3) QUESTIONS USED IN ASKING FOR DIRECTIONS
These are the common questions that are used to ask for directions. When a person asks, this sentence help the one who has been asked to know what verbs or vocabulary to use when replying to the one who have asked: Some of these questions are:
  • Where is the nearest market?
  • How can I get to the local market?
  • I'm trying to get to Magomeni Street. How do I get there?
  • How do I get to the office?
  • What's the best way to get to your shop?
  • Can you please tell me how I can get to NMB ATM?
  • Where is Football stadium, can you tell me please?
(4) STATEMENTS USED FOR ASKING FOR DIRECTIONS 
There are various statements or expressions used to show directions. Some of them are:
  • Turn left when you see a roundabout.
  • Go straight on till you see the hospital then turn left.
  • Turn right at the end of the road and my house is number 51.
  • Cross the junction and keep going for about 1 mile.
  • Take the third road on the right and you will see the office on the right.
  • Take the second road on the left and you will see the house on the left.
  • Take the second road on the left and you will see the hospital straight ahead.
  • The hospital is opposite the railway station.
  • The shop is near the hospital.
  • The house is next to the local football ground.
  • The shop is in between the Petrol Station and Uhuru Tower.
  • Follow the signposts for Post Office. 

(5) CONVERSATIONS 
Conversations are best way to give and ask for directions because signs, gestures, body language and other things like drawings are applied. When giving directions to someone it is best to use short basic English sentences. Speak slowly when talking to the other person and spell out words if they don't understand and if possible draw a map.
An Example of Conversation: 
Juma: Please can you tell me how to get to your Restaurant?
Asha: Are you coming by car or by bus?
Juma: I am coming by a car.
Asha: Okay. Take Mkapa Road to the Post Office. Our Restaurant is opposite the Post Office.
Juma: Mkapa? Can you spell that for me?
Asha: M k a p a.
Juma: Thanks
Asha: You are welcome. 

SETTINGS FOR STATING DIRECTIONS 
There are two settings. 
(A) CLASSROOM SETTINGS
In the classroom, students can think of row of desks as houses and the open spaces between them as streets:
Example
John: Please sir, can you show me the way to Neema’s house?’
Joshua: ‘OK, John. Take this road and go straight up to the end of this street.
John: Then?
Joshua: Then turn left. Walk along the road.
John: Where should I go after reaching the end of the road?
Joshua: At the corner of the second street on your left hand, walk down the street. The third house is Neema’s home’.
John: Thank you.
Joshua: You are welcome!

(B) OUTDOOR SETTINGS
Outside the classroom, students can demonstrate directions well. Students can use real School structures like Administration Block, Staff Office, Library, Classrooms, Laboratory, Toilets, Teachers’ houses and many more.
Example:
Mike: Where is School Administration building?
Jimmy: It’s behind us
Mike: How can I get to Academic Office?
Jimmy: Walk through this corridor and turn left at the end. The Academic Office is on your left hand side.
Mike: How can I get out of the school compus?
Jimmy: Walk behind this administration building then you'll see the gate.
Mike: Thank you.
Jimmy: You are welcome!

CONCLUSION
This sub topic has a lot of extra-aspects to cover. Apart from helping students to know how to locate various places when they give and ask for directions, there are other activities they can get interacted with such as; speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
There are also some important tips when teaching this sub topic. The following should be emphasized to the students: 
  • Speak slowly so that the listener can understand.
  • Speak slowly so that the listener can write down the instructions if they are talking on the phone.
  • When speaking with someone, use your hands to demonstrate what you mean, left, right, or straight on.
  • Always try and use the word "please" when you are asking someone for directions. It's polite, and people are more likely to help you!


Also check out: All Form One English Notes

Resources

Kachele OnlineLearn English bit by bit, and Jipe Elimu are blogs that aim at heavily interacting with  English Language Learners, English Language Teachers and General Knowledge seekers through various platforms like
FacebookFacebook PageKachele Online PageFacebook GroupTwitterPinterestLinkedInMy Google BusinessForm One English NotesForm Two English NotesForm Three English NotesForm Four English Notes, and many more.

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