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Monday, 9 March 2020

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INTRODUCTION
 was posted on SATURDAY, 11 FEBRUARY 2017. The purpose behind this sub topic is to help students listen and write down what is read.

Although Dictation is an old-fashioned, boring, and teacher-centred method of teaching and learning it is also important in learning any language.

For a definition of the term and Notes, check out Form One Dictation Notes

TEACHER-CENTRED DICTATION 
The normal and old process of conducting dictation is done in the following ways;
(1) At first, a teacher reads the whole text at a talking pace for the first time.
(2) Then, students write down as the teacher read the text for the second time.
 (3) And finally, a teacher writes the correct version of the text on the board or provides copies to students for them to correct their mistakes.

STUDENTS-CENTRED DICTATION 
Apart from the teacher-centred Dictation, there are other learner-centred ways in which dictations can be done. In this method, teacher can use students as both 'readers' and 'listeners' and add the benefit and more focus on students' pronunciation and other language activities.

Here are some of these learner-centred Dictation activities teacher can use: 

A. PAIRS DICTATION 
(1) Firstly, prepare the pieces of cards(papers) with each paper containing one sentence. 
(2) Secondly, distribute one sentence to every student. 
(3) Put students in pairs. 
(4) Guide them to take turns in reading sentences to each other. while the other students listen and write it down.
(5) Finally, give them corrections or a copy of the correct sentences to compare with their own.

B. BLACKBOARD DICTATION 
(1) First, divide the class into pairs. 
(2) In their pairs, let them choose one person to be the 'writer' and another to be the 'runner'.
(3) Affix your written dictation text somewhere at one end of the room or on the blackboard.
(4) The runner have to go to the text, read the first sentence and return to his/her writer having memorised it and read it to him/her.
(5) They keep doing the same until they finish all sentences in the text. 
(6) Finally, the roles can be changed in the halfway or after finishing the whole text so that the ‘writer’ becomes the ‘runner’ and the ‘runner’ becomes the ‘writer’. This can increase their participation in the process. Their text is then compared to a correct version and corrected.
Note: This activity requires only a short text with simple sentences. However, compound and complex sentences can be applied according to the level of the students. 

Remember that dictations can be used to test various students’ ability in several language learning areas. For instance, for testing students’ ability on prepositions, check out: New Year’s Day Dictation  


CONCLUSION
Dictations can be applied to all levels of the classes. Dictations are not only for Primary School pupils, Form One, or Form Two students, but also they are for other students as well up to the University level. They can only be changed with the increase in the level of difficulty, contents and the purposes.



Also check out: All Form One English Notes  

Reference 
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/using-dictation



Kachele OnlineLearn English bit by bitand Kachele Diary  are blogs which bring English Language Learners, English Language Teachers and General Knowledge seekers together. The blogs' contents are also extensively shared through various platforms like:

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