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Friday, 8 July 2022

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An adjective is a part of speech that is used to modify a noun. In other words, adjectives are used to add something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun

For example, you may know the meaning of 'girl'. But if you add the adjective 'beautiful', you mean something different from girl. Check out the difference: 

- Girl.

- Beautiful girl. 

 

Most adjectives answer the questions; 

(1) What kind?

- Correct answer

- Beautiful girl 

(2) Which one or ones?:

- First person

- That house

(3) How many or How much?

- 100 shillings

- Half price

 

TYPES OF ADJECTIVES 

There are many adjectives in English. Although some types overlap with the others, these types of adjectives have been categorized into severally in order to simplify the understanding of this broad part of speech. The following are the types of adjectives: 


1. DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES 

Descriptive adjectives are adjectives that describe the characteristics, traits, or qualities of a noun or pronoun. Most adjectives are descriptive adjectives. 

Examples:

Attractive, old, blue, generous, and friendly.

Descriptive adjective sentences:

(1) She is very attractive.

(2) The old man who passes here every day is my grandfather.

(3) I need that blue jeans.

(4) She is very generous.

(5) Taifa Stars will play a friendly match with Malawi next month.

 

2. COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES 

Comparative adjectives are used to compare two different people or things to each other. 

We make comparative adjectives in two ways: 

(1) We add '-er' to one-syllabic words:

Examples:

Smaller, faster, taller,

Comparative adjective Sentences: 

(1) The house is smaller.

(2) Usain Bolt is faster than me.

(3) She is taller. 


(2) We add words 'more', 'less' to multisyllabic words: 

Examples: 

More expensive, less reasonable.

Comparative adjective Sentences: 

(1) She is more beautiful.

(2) He is more intelligent than others. 

 

3. SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES 

Superlative adjectives are used to compare more than two people or things by indicating which one is the most supreme or extreme. 

We make superlative adjectives in two ways: 


(1) By adding '-est' to one-syllabic words:

Examples:

Smallest, fastest, tallest,

Superlative adjective sentences: 

(1) This house is the smallest. 

(2) Usain Bolt is the fastest athlete in the world.

(3) She is tallest girl in the family. 


(2) By adding 'most' to multisyllabic words: 

Examples: 

More expensive, less reasonable.

Superlative adjective sentences: 

(1) She is the most beautiful woman in the village.

(2) He is the most intelligent person in the team. 

 

4. ATTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVES 

Attributive adjectives are adjectives come before nouns and pronouns they modify. They can sometimes appear after them.

Examples:

- Good boy.

- Charming girl.

(Adjectives 'Good' and 'Charming' come before nouns: 'boy' and 'girl') 

Attributive adjective sentences: 

(1) She has beautiful eyes.

(2) The angry policeman.

(3) She gave me something special for my birthday.

 

5. PREDICATE ADJECTIVES 

Predicate adjectives come after the verbs, especially after the linking verbs in sentences. Predicate adjectives act as subject complements. 

Examples: 

(1) Onyango is good.

(2) Angela is charming.

(Adjectives 'good' and 'charming' come before verb: 'is') 

Predicate adjective sentences: 

(1) Anna is beautiful.

(2) The policeman became angry.

(3) The food looks delicious. 

 

6. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES 

Possessive adjectives are used to express possession or ownership.

Examples: 

My, your, his, her, our, its, their, and whose.

Possessive adjective sentences: 

(1) My favorite sport is football.

(2) Taifa Stars celebrated their first Afcon victory.

(3) I spent the weekend with my parents.

(4) His car is a brand new.


See Also:

ENGLISH STRUCTURE QUESTIONS:

[1] Academic Words Questions 1 - 50

[2] Academic Words Answers 1 - 50

[3] Adjective Questions 1 – 50

[4] Adjective Answers 1 - 50

[5] Adjective Questions 51 – 100

[6] Adjective Answers 51 - 100

[7] Adverbs Questions 1 – 50

[8] Adverb Answers 1 – 50

[9] Article Questions 1 - 50

[10] Article Answers 1 – 50

[11] Conjunction Questions 1 – 50

[12] Conjunction Answers 1 – 50

[13] Vocabulary Questions 1 - 50

[14] Vocabulary Answers 1 - 50

[15] Vocabulary Questions 51 - 100

[16] Vocabulary Answers 51 - 100

[17]  English Grammar questions

[18] 51-100 General Grammar Questions

[19] 51-100 General Grammar Answers

[20] 1-50 General Concessions Questions

[21] 1-50 General Concessions Answers

[22] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Questions

[23] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Answers

[24] 1-50 General Tense Questions

[25] 1-50 General Tense Answers

[26] 1-50 General Literature Questions

[27] 1-50 General Literature Answers

[28] 1-50 General Grammar Questions

[29] 1-50 General Grammar Answers

 

 

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Selected Poems

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Black Hermit

The Lion and the Jewel

-This Time Tomorrow

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature" book (PDF)

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature in English" book (PDF)

 

For copies of these books,

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