-->

Wednesday, 13 July 2022

author photo



DEFINITIONS & EXAMPLES 

Interjections are words that express expresses a particular emotion or feeling of the speaker. It is used to express the internal or sudden feelings like joy, sorrow, emotions, and excitements. Interjections are usually accompanied with an interjection mark (!) 

Examples of interjections: Oh, Oops, Ouch, Goodness, etc.

Examples of sentences: 

(1) Oh, no! I can’t go with you. 

(2) Oops! The door slapped. 

(3) Ouch! The cat scratched me. 

(4) Goodness! The river is overflowing. 

(5) Oy! You forgot your wallet! 

(6) Shh, I'm trying to hear what they're saying! 

(7) Wow, that's incredible! 

(8) Aha! So you took my money! 

(9) Boo, get off the stage! 

(10) I just deleted all my files. Doh! 

(11) Eeek, a mouse! 

(12) So she dumped you, eh? 

 

 

For a sentence to express some sense of strong feeling, it needs an interjection. See the examples below:  

(1) (Without interjection) The pitch looks amazing.  

(2) (With interjection) Wow! The pitch looks amazing! 

 

In the second example, an interjection 'Wow' has been added to express strong feeling of the speaker about the pitch.  

 

LIST OF INTERJECTIONS  

(A) ONE WORD INTERJECTIONS  

  • Cheers! 
  • Duh!  
  • EEK!   
  • Gee! 
  • Really? 
  • Huh? 
  • Incredible! 
  • Bang! 
  • Look! 
  • My! 
  • Never! 
  • Oops! 
  • Quit! 
  • Shoot! 
  • Ugh! 
  • Woot! 
  • Hurray! 
  • Wow! 
  • Amazing!  

 

(B) PHRASE INTERJECTIONS  

  • I don't agree with that! 
  • That makes sense! 
  • I found it! 
  • That's scary! 
  • Get out! 
  • I don't believe it! 
  • I'm amazed! 
  • What was that? 
  • That's amazing! 
  • See that! 
  • Oh dear! 
  • I don't believe it! 
  • Stop that! 
  • That's not good! 
  • I don't like that! 
  • Shame on you! 
  • Not good! 

 

USES OF INTERJECTIONS  

Interjections are words that can be used to perform or express one of the following situations: 

(1) Emotion: Wow! Ouch! Hoorah! 

(2) Surprise: Wow!),  

(3) Confusion: Huh?  

(4) Outrage: No!  

(5) Greetings: Hi! Hey! Halo! 

(6) Agreement: OK! Yes! Yeah! 

(7) Disagreement: No! Nah! Nope!  

(8) Sounds: EEK! Aww! Argh! Phew! Grr! Yikes! 

 

FUNCTIONS OF INTERJECTIONS 

Also, interjections can function as a noun, a verb, or an adverb. 

Examples 

Noun as an interjection: 

(1) Foolishness! What are you doing! 

(2) Goodness! What's that!  

 

Verb as an interjection: 

(1) Shoot! That's a great chance!  

(2) Clap! What a performance!  

 

Adverb as an interjection: 

(1) Really! You must be joking!  

(2) Nope! Wait for my permission. 

 

TYPES OF INTERJECTIONS & EXAMPLES 

Interjections are classified into five types according to the meaning and use in a sentence. They are: 

 

1. MILD INTERJECTIONS 

These are interjections used to fill pauses or show milder feelings. 

Examples of mild interjections are: Oh, oops, gee, er, oh well, phew, um, well, goodness, rats, my, oh dear, thanks, etc.  

Examples of sentences: 

(1) Oh well! Let's go.  

(2) Goodness! How is that possible?  

(3) Oh! This is an amazing story!  

(4) My word!  

 

2. STRONG INTERJECTIONS 

These are interjections used to express surprise, alarm, delight, or other strong emotions. 

Examples of strong interjections are: Bravo, wow, hurrah, yeah, help, horrors, ouch, whoa, congratulations, look, yippee, etc.  

Examples of sentences: 

(1) Yeah! I'm not it. 

(2) Help!  

(3) Bravo! We are champions!  

(4) Wow! This is exciting!  

 

3. VOLITIVE INTERJECTIONS 

These are kinds of interjections used as imperatives or demands for something to someone.  

Examples: 

(1) Hurry!  

(2) Shh! Be quiet! They are here.  

(3) Shoot!  

 

4. EMOTIVE INTERJECTIONS  

These are used to show emotions like joy, fear, disgust, or anger.  

Examples 

(1) Ouch! It hurts.  

(2) Eek! she's come.  

(3) Yuck! This is disgusting! 

 

5. COGNITIVE INTERJECTIONS 

These types of interjections are used to express feelings related to cognition.  

Examples 

(1) Hurrah! We made it.  

(2) Wow! What a surprise! 

 

OTHER CLASSIFICATIONS OF INTERJECTIONS 

Interjections can also be classified in terms of the situations and context of the speaker as follows: 

1. INTERJECTIONS OF SURPISE 

These are used to express the feeling of surprise for any incident that has happened. 

Examples: Oh, ooh, wow, my word, my goodness, goodness me, ah, ha.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Oh, what a nice cap! 

(2) Ooh, what a lovely dress! 

(3) Wow! I really never knew that! 

(4) My goodness me! It's raining!  

(5) My word! She has come already?  

(6) Oh boy! She's not here!  

(7) Ah! I got my first salary. 

(8) What! Are you serious? 

(9) Oh! I met him in Dar es Salaam. 

(10) Ha! What a surprise. 

 

2. INTERJECTIONS OF GREETING  

These express the emotion or feelings when someone meet with another person. 

Examples: Hi, hello, hey.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Hi!  

(2) Hi there!  

(3) Hi! How are you? 

(4) Hello!  

(5) Hello there!  

(6) Hello!  I'm Seif, your new lecturer. 

(7) Hey! What are you doing today? 

 

3. INTERJECTIONS OF PLEASURE 

These are used to express pleasure.  

Examples: Hoorey! Yeah! Hmm!  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Hooray! Our team has won. 

(2) Yeah! I love it. 

(3) Hmm! It's delicious. 

 

4. INTERJECTIONS OF ELATION(JOY) 

These are used to express the feelings of joy or happiness.  

Examples: Hurrah, Good, Congratulations.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Good! That's the point!  

(2) Congratulations! Now we are into the semifinal!  

(3) Wow! You look so beautiful! 

(4) We’ve done it! Hurrah! 

(5) Hurrah! We won the match! 

(6) Yippee! We won, let’s celebrate. 

(7) Ha! So I have won the lottery! 

(8) Woo hoo! I won it!  

 

5. INTERJECTIONS OF RELIEF 

These interjections are used by people to show a feeling of relief on something.  

Examples: Whoa, phew.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) I have failed a test, but my mom hasn't checked it. Phew! 

(2) Whoa, take it easy! 

(3) Whew! I can’t believe we have finished this job. 

 

6. INTERJECTIONS OF BOREDOM 

These are used when someone wants to express boredom or how bored they are.  

Examples: Blah!  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) This is disgusting!  

(2) Don't come here and talk blah blah?  

(3) Blah! Why can’t I finish this work? 

 

 

7. INTERJECTIONS OF DOUBT 

These are used to express doubt or disbelief in something.  

Examples:...er..., um.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Um, I don't if they will come.  

(2) Mwanza is a headquarters of....er... East Africa.  

(3) Hmm, not sure if that is correct.  

(4) Um, I don’t know if she'll like it. 

 

8. INTERJECTIONS OF PITY/SORROW  

These interjections are used to express sadness, pity, or sorrow on, something terrible that has happened.  

Examples: Oh dear, alas, oops, ah, ouch.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Oh dear, You'll be okay.  

(2) Ouch! It hurts a lot. 

(3) Alas, my ATM card isn't working. 

(4) Help! I'm in big trouble. 

(5) Oops! Sorry. It was my fault. 

(6) Alas! He broke his leg. 

 

9. INTERJECTIONS OF REALISATION 

These are used when someone realises something he/she did not expect.  

Examples: Ah, Aha.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Ah, what a lovely baby! 

(2) Aha, it was a fox! 

 

10. INTERJECTIONS OF APPROVAL/AGREEMENT  

The interjections of approval are used to express approval or agreement in a sentence.  

Examples: Bravo! Brilliant! Well done! You bet!  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Bravo! You did it!  

(2) Brilliant! You're really genius!  

(3) Well done! You have done it successfully. 

 

11. INTERJECTIONS OF DISAPPROVAL/DISAGREEMENT 

The interjections of approval are used to express disapproval or disagreement in a sentence.  

Examples: No! Nah! Nope! tsk tsk! Tut tut!  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) No! I can't do that!  

(2) Nope! Don't do anything until I come back.  

 

12. INTERJECTIONS OF IMITATION 

These interjections are used to express the imitation of the action or an idea.  

Examples: Oy, hmph, huh, hey.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Oy my legs hurt!  

(2) Hey! Look out! 

(3) Don’t blame Jack. It’s your fault. Hmph! 

(4) Huh! Try to understand before you judge.  

 

13. INTERJECTIONS OF ATTENTION  

The Interjections of attention are used to get someone's attention. 

Examples: Look, shh, hush, behold.  

Examples of sentences:  

(1) Look here!  

(2) Look! The computer isn't working.  

(3) Shh! keep quiet! Professor is here!  

(4) Shut up!  

(5) Behold! I I've something to say.  

(5) Hush! The baby is sleeping!  

 

INTERJECTIONS IN SUMMARY: 

Ah! (surprise, pleasure, symaphty). Ah! There you are! 

Dear! (pity, surprise). Oh dear! Did I hurt you? 

Oh! (surprise, fear, joy). Oh! What a nice surprise! 

Hooray! (excitement, pleasure). Hooray! Our team won! 

Ouch! (sudden pain). Ouch! That really hurts! 

Ugh! (disgust). Ugh! This tastes disgusting! 

Phew! (relief). Phew! I finally did it. 

Wow! (surprise, admiration). Wow! I never knew that! 

Oops! (mistake, accident). Oops! I almost spilled milk. 

Well! (surprise, anger, relief). Well, so he got the job? 

 

INTERJECTION RULES & EXAMPLES 

English Grammar is a home to countless number of rules. Here are some rules that will be fundamental in understanding interjections, detailed parts of speech, and English Grammar in general.  

Interjections have behaviours and rules that are important to consider. Some of them are: 

 

RULE #1:  

Interjections come in two ways: 

First at the beginning of the sentence, and 

Secondly, at the end of the sentence. 

Examples:  

(1) (At the beginning) Wow! Never knew that!  

(2) (At the end) So, she dumped you, eh?  

 

RULE #2:  

Interjections are classes of words which are unproductive. They do not enter into syntactic relationships with other classes, and their  function is purely emotive.  

 

RULE #3:  

There is no clear boundary between interjections and exlamations. 

 

RULE #4:  

Interjections come in different forms a single word or a short phrase.  

Examples:  

(1) Ouch! (single word)  

(2) See that! (phrase)  

 

RULE #5:  

 

These interjections can be used to represent exclamations of character dialogues and can act as a replacement for emoticons and can make story reading very interesting. 

 

RULE #6:  

 

Interjections can convey the feelings that may be difficult to express through sentence. 

 

For example, the sentence "Wow! I like that dress!" shows a strong feeling of excitement. 

 

RULE #7:  

Interjections use Exclamation Mark.  

Example:  

(1) Oy! You dropped your mobile! 

 

RULE #8:  

Some interjections are punctuated with with Period or comma 

 

Examples: 

(1) Ah, that feels great! 

(2) Oh well, what's done is done. 

 

RULE #9:  

Some interjections use Question mark especially if you intend to express uncertainty or disbelief.  

Examples: 

(1) Huh? What did you just say? 

(2) What? You did it wrong ? 

(3) Oh, really? I never thought about it. 

(4) What? Are you crazy ? 

 

RULE #10:  

Usually, interjections start with a capital letter and an exclamation sign. 

 

 

 

REFERENCES  

11-03-222 

 

11-03-222 

 


See Also:

ENGLISH STRUCTURE QUESTIONS:

[1] Academic Words Questions 1 - 50

[2] Academic Words Answers 1 - 50

[3] Adjective Questions 1 – 50

[4] Adjective Answers 1 - 50

[5] Adjective Questions 51 – 100

[6] Adjective Answers 51 - 100

[7] Adverbs Questions 1 – 50

[8] Adverb Answers 1 – 50

[9] Article Questions 1 - 50

[10] Article Answers 1 – 50

[11] Conjunction Questions 1 – 50

[12] Conjunction Answers 1 – 50

[13] Vocabulary Questions 1 - 50

[14] Vocabulary Answers 1 - 50

[15] Vocabulary Questions 51 - 100

[16] Vocabulary Answers 51 - 100

[17]  English Grammar questions

[18] 51-100 General Grammar Questions

[19] 51-100 General Grammar Answers

[20] 1-50 General Concessions Questions

[21] 1-50 General Concessions Answers

[22] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Questions

[23] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Answers

[24] 1-50 General Tense Questions

[25] 1-50 General Tense Answers

[26] 1-50 General Literature Questions

[27] 1-50 General Literature Answers

[28] 1-50 General Grammar Questions

[29] 1-50 General Grammar Answers

 

 

Related Articles:

-Growing Up with Poetry

Summons

Selected Poems

Passed Like a Shadow

Unanswered Cries

Black Hermit

The Lion and the Jewel

-This Time Tomorrow

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature" book (PDF)

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature in English" book (PDF)

 

For copies of these books,

CONTACT US:

Call/SMS: +255622 009 566/+255765 884 936

WhatsApp: +255765 884 936

Email: kacheleonline@gmail.com

Social Media: Manny Kachele  

This post have 0 komentar

Please share your thoughts
EmoticonEmoticon

Next article Next Post
Previous article Previous Post