THEORY OF LITERATURE
Part 1: INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE
01 KOLEC: Lesson #01: Basic Concepts of Literature
(You can view the Video Lesson Here)
~ PART ONE ~
BASIC CONCEPTS OF LITERATURE
Almost everything needs some preparation. Students need some preparation for a specified time before they sit for final exams.
For example, you may theoretically learn how to identify themes/issues when you learn Introduction to Literature, but you can practically identify them when you are actually reading or analysing a book itself.
~ PART TWO ~
The following are the basic concepts of literature:
A theory is a body of rules or principles used to appraise works of literature.
Theories are learnt, then they are put into practice after that.
 LITERARY THEORY
Literary theory refers to the methods used in interpreting and analysing various works of literature.
 LITERARY CRITICISM
Literary criticism refers to the critical study, interpretation, and analysis of literary works by using all elements of literature.
This is a person who applies different forms of literary theories and criticism to study, interprete and analyse different works of art.
A genre refers to a category or type of literature. Literature is divided into three main sub-genres, namely; Prose, drama, and poetry.
 FICTION WRITING
This is the writing or composition of non-factual texts. For example, "Houseboy".
 NONFICTION WRITING
This is the writing or composition of factual texts. For example, "The Autobiography of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere".
In most cases, Theory of Literature is important because it introduces students to major techniques and approaches of studying, interpreting and analysing literature. To Ordinary Level Secondary Students it sets a path to the more advanced studies of Literature in other levels.
~ PART THREE ~
KOLEC: Lesson #01 Assignment:
 Write short notes on the following:
(b) Literary theory
 Differentiate the following:
(a) Literary criticism and critic
(b) Fiction writing and Nonfiction writing
 Define the term 'Genre' and describe the main genres of literature.
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