How to Teach 'LOCATING IMPORTANT PLACES' in Form Two

Review: Previously in Unit 10:1, we discussed about how to teach the sub topic ‘Expressing preferences’ in Form One. In this sub topic, the Form One students were introduced to the various ways of expressing their preferences and the preferences of others. These preferences helped to show what they are interested in their social life and school life as well.

In this Unit 10:2, we will learn how to study and teach the following sub topic: ‘Locating important places’ in Form Two. In this sub topic, we will be sharing how to help Form Two students express various locations or places that are important in their daily life. They will be able to locate important places like school and other places.
                                                                    
THE FOLLOWING IS THE COMPREHENSIVE TEACHING GUIDE ON THE SUB TOPIC:

A: INFORMATION OF THE TOPIC:
1. Topic: LOCATING PLACES
2. Sub Topic: Locating important places
3. Periods per sub topic: 10
4: Class: Form Two.
B: HOW TO TEACH THE TOPIC:

5. ACTIVITIES AND GAMES TO FACILITATE A LESSON

GENERAL INTRODUCTION
The aim of this sub topic is to help students to express various locations of important places. As we live in our community, there are some locations that we need to know ourselves and for the benefit of the visitors. We can also travel and arrive in some locations where we can also need some directions on the places we are not familiar with. This sub topic will help students from locating small or local locations to the locating other important places in town, country, and in the world.

ACTIVITY 1: BRAINSTORMING.ON THE SUB TOPIC
Here a teacher leads a discussion on brainstorming about the key concepts of a sub topic. For example what is a location? Location is the place, site or position of something. Students are introduced to this sub topic by explaining to them various sites they know and other sites they do not know. These sites or locations can be located by using special expressions and by using the points of the campus as well.
Patterns/structures:
Where is the school library?
The school library is located in front of…..
Where is the assembly hall?
The assembly hall is located adjacent to……
Vocabulary/phrases:

ACTIVITY 2: LOCATING PLACES IN A CLASS.
In this activity, a teacher guides students to express location of different objects/people (or other students) in the class. This is the simple and familiar place for the students to locate various objects within a particular location.
For more about locating places you can see Stating Directions in Form One and Stating Directions by Using Points of the Campus in Form One as well.

A teacher can guide student to locate various places in the class. S
Here are some guiding questions and some of their responses:
Where is John’s desk?
John’s desk is behind my desk.
Where is Blackboard?
Our blackboard is in front of our class. Or Our board is in the north side of our class.
Where is teacher’s table?
Where is my school bag?
Your school bag is under your desk.

ACTIVITY 3: LOCATING PLACES OF THE SCHOOL.
At this stage, a teacher guides students to express location of different important places in school. This is a bit broader level because students will have to relate and locate various objects around the school compound. The students are guided to use various school locations like dormitory, toilets, administration block, canteen, dining hall, school garden, playground/football/netball/volley ball pitches, classrooms, school library, parade/assembly hall, smart area, teachers’ houses, etc.
Guide students to form pairs or groups and brainstorm with them the following words to understand their meaning and their functions. This brainstorming is done in their groups.
After the discussion, tell them that you are going to ask them questions and each group should discuss the right response and present it. now ask them the following questions in which each group will have to respond:
Where is dining hall?
Where is school shop?
Where is the school library?
The school library is located in front of…..
Where is the assembly hall?

As they try to attempt these questions and discuss their correct responses, a teacher can now discuss with them the appropriate prepositions to use when responding to such questions on locating places. The most common prepositions used are:

Adjacent, beside, near, behind, in front of, opposite to, to the east, to the west, on top of the mountain, and close to.
For example, some questions above can have the following responses:
Where is the dining hall?
The dining hall is behind Form Two class.
Where is the playground?
The playground is to the east of the classes.
Where is the library?
The library is opposite to the school administration block.
Where is the boys’ dormitory?
The boys’ dormitory is adjacent to school garden.


ACTIVITY 4: LOCATING PLACES IN A VILLAGE, TOWN, CITY OR COUNTRY.
Now, the teacher guide students to express location of different important places in the village, town, city or country using a map of Tanzania. Almost every school is located near the village, street, town or city or they are at the centres of various cities where they are adjacent to other buildings in the particular area.
A map like Map of Tanzania can used. If there is any local map like District map, it can also be applied in this activity. The aim is to familiarise students with the knowledge of locating different places.
Now, since the students have the knowledge of locating various places in the classroom and at around the school compound, the teacher can take them to the next level. This is all about locating the important places of their district, region, and a country in general. A teacher can use any available map or maps for the students to use or some maps can be drawn or even use the maps that have been drawn already. Check the following maps. These maps can be used to ask students various questions on locating various important places in Katavi Region and for the country:

KATAVI NATIONAL PARK AND EXTENSION MAP:
Questions:
(From Point A in a red circle):
Where is the Mirumba?
Where is Maji Moto?
Where is Rukwa Game Reserve?
Where is Usevya Open Area?
Where is Stalike?

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

Viahttp://www.geocities.ws/juzer_z/countryprofile.htm

Questions:
(From Point A in a red circle):
Where is Dodoma?
Where is Lake Nyasa?
Where is Dar es Salaam?
Where is Burundi?
Where is Zanzibar?


GRAMMAR PRACTICE: Form and Function of the sub topic: This sub topic requires student to have a good mastery of prepositions and prepositions of place in particular. The understanding of this sub topic will be effective when students were interactively engaged in the previous topics in Form One class. Perhaps, there may be varied level of topics coverage for each class and school, but when a teacher notices that students have no basic foundation in this, then it is a teacher’s duty to make sure students are interactively taught with more activities.

6: CONNECTION: Beyond the Sub Topic. This sub topic allows Form Two students to apply their knowledge they learnt in Form One (See links above) to locate various important places in their local areas and other areas.

7: NOTE: This sub topic is well taught with the use of real objects and real environments. For example, a teacher should not teach this sub topic entirely locked in the class. The important places are not only found in the classes. The students should at least be take out and let them see what they can locate. Taking students out does not only make the lesson easy but also it is a king of motivation. Some students who have been in the class, they will understand more when they are taken out.

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