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Monday, 21 January 2019

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By the end of the lesson the students will be able to:
  • Demonstrate understanding of sentences in the simple past tense (I finished my homework yesterday/I passed my examination)
  • Produce some regular/irregular verbs in the past tense (I went to school/He took my school bag)

THE GREETINGS LINKS ARE ALSO HERE!
                           

TEACHER’S MODEL
Write the wordYesterday’ on the board
Say to them ‘Yesterday I finished my work at 3 o’clock. I was very tired’, then write these sentences on the board.
Underline the word ‘ed’ in ‘finished’ and underline ‘was’.
Say ‘These are the past forms, for yesterday’.

Guide them to discuss and mention the words that end with ‘ed’ and give examples.
Write the following verbs on the board:
Am, take, eat, is, make, are, learn, play, study, read, clean, start.
Ask students if they know the past forms of these verbs. Let them put the past form of the verb in the empty column if you have drown a table.
Table 1: Guide students to mention words that end in ‘ed’ with examples as well as uses of ‘was’ with examples.
ed’ words
Sentence examples






was
Sentence examples











Table 2: Guide students to practice the few verbs into present and past forms.
Present form
Sentence examples
Past form
Sentences examples
Take;
Eat;
Play;
Have;
Learn;
Study;
Start;
Read;
Pass;
Go;










Check their pronunciation if they are correct, and correct them if necessary.

PRONUNCIATION OF REGULAR PAST TENSE VERBS – PRONUNCIATION DRILLS
Tell them that regular past tense verbs end with ‘ed’ although they pronounced differently.
Divide the class in three teams. One team will be /t/ team, the second /d/ team, and the third /id/ team.
You pronounce a word (from a list of words on the board) and the first team that writes the correct sounds that is associated with it, wins a point. You can create word cards and hold them when you pronounce them and students say which sound is proper for the word.
  • /t/ - smashed, checked, baked, talked, worked
  • /d/ - planned, cheered, called, raced
  • /id/ - subtracted, planted, added, visited


TEAM /t/
TEAM /d/
TEAM /id/
1



2



3



4



5



6



7



8



9



10




Each team can give up to 10 points (words) and at the end there must be the winning group and a motivation if there is any.

In other exercises, students are also asked to pronounce these sounds correctly and the teacher monitor their activity.

MORE EXERCISES
  • Give them more exercises.
  • Ask students how we form most verbs in the past.
  • Ask them how they noticed when we formed the negative (I didn’t like) in the past.

NEW OR OLD SCHOOL? (Emphasis on the past tense)

Ask students if they prefer their new school or their old school.

TEXT
My Old School
I started Standard One in 2010. I finished my Primary school education at Maisha Primary School. We were about 40 Standard Seven pupils. Our school had few teachers but they taught us very well. We all passed our national examinations. At our school, class lessons started at 8:00 AM. Our school was very clean. We cleaned it every day. Our old school also had a big playground. Our Sports day was Wednesday.
Questions:
  1. How many students went to your old school?
  2. How many teachers taught you at your old school?
  3. What year did you start the school?
  4. What time did you start class in your old school?
  5. Did you clean old school?
  6. What was sports day at your old school?
  7. Did your old school have a big playground?
  8. (Accept one-word or yes/no answers)

TEXT
My New School
My new school Kiduga Secondary School. It is a ward secondary school in Kiduga Ward. Kiduga Ward consists of three villages. They are Mtakuja Village, Kiduga Village and Maisha Village. At my new school the class lessons start at 7:30 AM.
Questions from my new school. The school has many students. It has 815 students and 32 teachers. Teachers at this school are many. At this school, we wake up early in the morning and clean our dormitories, classrooms, and school areas. The school parade is very big too. We assemble at this parade every morning. My new school also has big football playground, good volleyball pitch, and netball pitch as well. The Sports Day at this school is every Friday. I like my new school.
Questions:
  1. How many teachers are at your new school?
  2. What time do you start the class lessons?
  3. Where do you assemble every morning?
  4. Does your school have big playground too?
  5. What is your Sports day at your new school?

At the end the teacher make sure that students understood the form of past tense in English.
Which verbs in the past do they need to work on more?
Students should also be encouraged to research more on the past tense verbs with regular endings/verb forms.

PRACTICE TEST
Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct word from the brackets:
(i)               ___________ (tomorrow/yesterday) I finished my homework.
(ii)             _________ (were/was) very tired.
(iii)          __________ (clean/cleaned) the school every day.
(iv)           She __________ (know/knows) how to play netball very well.
(v)             Last week I _______ (visit/visited) my Uncle.
(vi)           We ________ (started/start) class at 7:00 AM.
(vii)        He _________ (wakes up/wake up) early in the morning.
(viii)      My old school ________ (has/had) few teachers.
(ix)           They _________ (play/plays) football very well.
(x)             We all __________ (pass/passed) our national examinations.

Resources
Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (2015) Baseline: Orientation Course for Form One – Students’ Book, Science, Mathematics and Social Sciences, MoevT, Dar es Salaam.


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