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Monday, 20 March 2017

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Welcome to UNIT 6:2!
Review: Previously in Unit 6:1, we discussed about how to teach the sub topic, ‘Expressing Personal routine/habits’ in Form One. In that sub topic, we discussed how a student can talk about his or her personal home routine/habits.

In this Unit 6:2, we will learn how to teach the sub topic, Talking about visits’ in Form Two. In this sub topic, we will practically focus on how to guide a student to narrate what took place in a visit as student visited.
                                                                    
THE FOLLOWING IS THE COMPREHENSIVE TEACHING GUIDE ON THE SUB TOPIC:

A: INFORMATION OF THE TOPIC:
1. Topic: TALKING ABOUT EVENTS
2. Sub Topic: Talking about visits
3. Periods per sub topic: 07
4: Class: Form Two.
B: HOW TO TEACH THE TOPIC:

GENERAL INTRODUCTION
The aim of the sub topic is to make students able to narrate what happened or took place in a visit they made. In everyday activities, people plan and make different visits. Students as part of social life should know what these visits are, how they are planned, and how visits are made.

ACTIVITIES & GAMES TO FACILITATE A LESSON:

Activity 1: BRAINSTORMING ON THE MEANING, KINDS, AND BENEFITS OF VISITS TO STUDENTS
This activity involves students and teacher to brainstorm on different visits people can make and how people can reach the places they want to visit.
Guide students to brainstorm on the meaning of visit and how it is made.
A visit is a trip to see somebody or some people in a certain place and a period of time spent in a particular place. Most visits are arranged trips and they have purposes. For example, a family can plan a visit to see some relatives somewhere with the purpose of greeting them. Or a school can plan a visit on which students can go to the neighbour school to play volleyball and conduct debate.
After brainstorming and discussion on definition and examples of visits, a teacher can allow students to discuss different visits they know. He or she can ask students to mention or list different visits they made. These should be various visits they know. Don’t limit them. Let them list whatever number of visits they know and you can decide which visits you and students you can discuss about later. They can list different visits like:
  •   Visit to greet their grandparents.
  •   Visit to their friends.
  •   Visit to the neighbours.
  •   Visit to the hospital (as the sick or to see someone).
  •   Visit to the garden or friend’s garden.
  •   Visit to the church or mosque, especially the ones you don’t usually go for prayer.
  •   Visit to the garage (to see how a friend works there).
  •   Visit to the historical sites.
  •   Visit to the tourist centres.
  •   Etc.
As a teacher choose one or two interesting visits some students made. Let other students listen to the selected students. Then ask them how these students reached to the places. Discuss with them how each one of the student reached to the place. Let them discuss freely. Obviously they can share with other students on the following:
  •   Means they used to reach the place. Was it on foot, by private car, or by public transport?
  •   Cost they incurred to reach the place.
  •   How they were welcomed.
  •   What they did?
  •   What things they found strange or unfamiliar to their  home or normal surroundings.
  •   Did they enjoy the visit?
  •   Did they learn anything from that visit?
These questions are crucial because they prepare students to have inquisitive mind whenever they are on unfamiliar environment on which they could want to know more from it.

The Benefits of Making Visits
Visits have various benefits to the people. Individual people and families like making visits because of various benefits they get. But visits are also important to the students. Here the students discuss in groups the benefits of making visits. A teacher can guide them to reach to a conclusion. At the end, a teacher can wind up the discussion by emphasizing the benefits of making visits such as:
  1. Visits develop relationships and make friends.
  2. Visits develop critical thinking skills.
  3. Visits help to interact with the real world/environment.
  4. Visits are practical, NOT theoretical.
  5. Visits are experiences that match the real life.
  6. Visits inspire.
  7. Visits help to know things in various sectors.
  8. Visits enrich the mind.
  9. Field visits help put hands on practice.
Activity 2: PLANNING A VISIT/A CHEAP VISIT WITH A SCHOOL

This is the activity in which the teacher organise a visit to places such as a nearby factory, national park, airport, caves, harbour. Before discussing how to plan for a visit, a teacher can discuss with the students on the various kinds of visits. For example, a teacher can introduce students to the simple kinds of visits such as:
  •   Indoor visit,
  •   Outdoor visit,
  •   Inter-Class visit,
  •   Inter-School visit,
  •   Visit to the doctor,
  •   Visit to the nearby factory,
  •   Visit to the national part,
  •   Visit to the town,
  •   Visit to the airport, etc.
There are various kinds of visits according to the types of places. But these are the common and more familiar visits most students in most places can experience easily. For more discussions on various places to visit, a teacher can supply the students with various learning materials like pictures, brochures, and story books on visits. From these resources, students can find more examples on different kinds of visits as well.

Here the teacher guides students to discuss how to plan for the visits. The teacher will allow students to discuss how to plan a visit. In this context, a teacher can decide to allow students choose the place they want to visit or he/she can decide according to the prevailing circumstances or according to the reasons he/she may have. For example, a teacher may have no time to go somewhere very far, and then he/she can decide where to visit easily.
Also if a school have transport facilities and other necessary resources, a teacher can plan a visit to even far place where students can get more exposure. But with limited school resources, there are other simple visits within the school or between neighbouring schools that also have great impacts to the students when they are planned efficiently. One of them is Simple Inter-Class Visit below:

MAKING SIMPLE INTER-CLASS VISIT
If the teacher finds it appropriate, he/she can arrange simple inter-class visits. In these kinds of visits, a teacher can ask to visit another class with his/her students. When they are in another class, students can learn many things from that particular class.
Two teachers of two different classes should prepare for this. They should agree on the issues they will share when they are together with their students under one roof. The host teacher will teach a topic or conduct an activity which visiting teacher should know about. The host teacher should prepare his/her students that there will be guests from Form I for example. The visiting teacher should also tell his/her students that they will have a visit on Form III for example. In this visit, visiting students, that is Form One students, can learn to see how their brothers and sisters in Form Three conduct debates. Form One students can participate as silent listeners or participants, and they can ask later on how their fellow students conduct debates successfully. They can ask questions. Form One students can have prepared questions to ask. Form Three questions can also have been prepared to tackle questions from Form One students: The following questions can be asked:
  •   What is debate?
  •   What is the importance is debate?
  •   What is the meaning of ‘Interruption point’?
  •   What is the meaning of ‘Addition point’?
  •   What is the meaning of ‘proposer’ and ‘opposer’?
  •   What is the ‘motion’?
  •   Who is a ‘motion mover’?
  •   Who is ‘grammarian’?
  •   What is the job of chair person?
  •   What is the job of secretary?
  •   What is the job of timekeeper?
Activity 3: WRITING ABOUT A VISIT MADE
After making a visit, inter-class visit students in pairs or in groups can now narrate orally and write about a visit they made. The teacher should guide them the format to follow when they are narrating their visit.
When they are narrating in spoken or written form, they can use structures such as: .
Today we visited…..
When we visited …….
When we entered in Form Three Class, we saw ……
We were welcomed by ………..
Form Three teacher introduced us to his/her class…….. and…..
Our teacher told us to listen and observe what Form Three students were doing.
When they finished debating, we……….
They welcomed us to ask questions………
We asked them various questions………
Form Three students showed various shows at several interval of their debate.
We learned a lot from them.
We left their class with hope.

AN EXAMPLE OF A NARRATION ABOUT A VISIT:
Today, we visited Form Three class. Our teacher took us to their class so as to learn how they conduct debate successfully. When we arrived the teacher and students welcomed us very well. After that, all two teachers introduced to what is going to be presented. Form Three teacher urged us to pay attention. Then he allowed his students to start debate. The debate was good. The motion was about “STREET CHILDREN ARE SYMBOLS OF HUMAN FAILURE”. It was a really heated debate. At the end, they allowed us to ask questions on various things. They answered our questions excellently. We left their class with a big hope of starting conducting our own debates in the class. We thanked them very much and welcomed them to come and attend one of our debates in few days to come.

Activity 4: ROLE-PLAY:  A VISIT TO THE SHOPKEEPER

The visit to the shopkeeper is one of the most common and familiar moments in which students experience throughout their lives. It is a common thing to go to the nearby shop and buy something. In this role-play, students can be able to learn the shopping vocabulary, how to record things when you buy, and language used when you are buying various things at the shop.
As a teacher, prepare a dialogue, a shopping dialogue. Select the students to role-play that dialogue:

The students will just need materials like, a pen and a notebook/diary or a sheet of paper. When others role-play, other students will be noting down the important details. These details will help them to answer the questions from the teacher. One student will be a shopkeeper and another or two will be customers. In this role-play, a customer goes to the shopkeeper, describes what he/she wants and shopkeeper will listen to him/her and give him/her feedback. The customer will agree to buy a particular product or ask for another one. This customer can also wish to have price discounted (reduced price on something). When these two students are exchanging their thoughts, other students should be arranged in two groups; the shopkeepers and the customers so as to answer the questions.

ROLE-PLAY QUESTIONS.
Those students who are on the side of the shopkeeper will be asked questions on what shopkeeper presented or they can be given these guiding questions before listening to the shopkeeper and the customer, for example:
Questions for the shopkeeper’s side/group:
  1.       How did shopkeeper welcome the customer?
  2.       What items do shopkeeper own?
  3.       What things shopkeeper do not own?
  4.       What item is expensive in shopkeeper’s shop?
  5.       What item is less expensive according to the shopkeeper?
  6.       How did shopkeeper say to the customer at last?
The questions for the customer’s side/group:
  1.       How did the customer greet the shopkeeper?
  2.       What items did customer call expensive?
  3.       What items are cheap according to the customer?
  4.       What did customer prefer to buy?
  5.       What did customer complain about?
  6.       What did customer say at last?
DIALOGUE:
SHOPKEEPER: Hello!
CUSTOMER: Hello! How is work?
SHOPKEEPER: It’s fine. How about you?
CUSTOMER: I’m good. How much is one kilo of sugar and one litre of cooking oil?
SHOPKEEPER: One kilo of rice is 3,000/= and 1,000/= for one litre of cooking oil.
CUSTOMER: Oh, no! Sugar is so expensive!
SHOPKEEPER: You can have below one kilo if you want.
CUSTOMER: Do you have beans and carrots?
SHOPKEEPER: No, I don’t have.
CUSTOMER: OK. Give me 1/2 kilo of sugar and one litre of cooking oil.
SHOPKEEPR: Here are your things.
CUSTOMER: Thanks.
SHOPKEEPER: You are welcome!


6: CONNECTION: Beyond the Sub Topic. The school visits, especially those outdoor visits, that is, visits that involve students going out of the school as trips or tours, are helpful in building students’ exposure, confidence, and widening of the knowledge. They are also sources of entertainments for students. The students have a chance to learn more about Past tense.

7: NOTE: The visits out of the school may be expensive or disrupt school or class timetable; but there are visits within the school that can be effective when they are planned carefully. These visits within school or interclass visits are good and effective like outdoor visits when they are planned to produce the intended results. Thus, teachers are encouraged to plan these visits when the outdoor trips or tours become expensive or unfriendly to the school or class timetables.


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Check out how to Study & Teach other Form Two Sub Topics in this Blog!
And many more from ‘O’ Level English Blog!

Also check how to Study & Teach the following Form One Sub Topics in this Blog!

And many more from ‘O’ Level English Blog!

You can also check the following useful links for each class below:
FORME ONE
FORM THREE
FORM FOUR

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