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Wednesday, 1 August 2018

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Introduction
English Language Syllabus for Ordinary Level Secondary School has various skills to test students. Most of these skills and sub skills are centred on four language skills which are:

These four language skills have been covered in all topics in a particular class. This article has compiled these topics into the specific groups of language skills. Teaching & Learning Contents of all Form One English Topics have been divided into three (3) main areas.
The following are three Grammatical Areas you need to know when teaching or learning Form One English topics:

1.  FORM ONE ENGLISH: TOPICS 1 - 10: LISTENING, SPEAKING, COMPREHENSION, VOCABULARY BUILDING, PRONUNCIATION, PARTS OF SPEECH AND TENSES.

Topics 1 up to 10 deal with Listening, Speaking , comprehension, vocabulary building  ,pronunciation drills, parts of speech and tense. In these skills, a teacher and students are expected to have more oral activities than other activities. Other language skills may be applied but listening and speaking should take the most of the spaces. In particular, students have to speak English and listen to various media sources like TV, Radio, etc. The following are all topics in this category:
Topic 1: LISTENING TO AND UNDERSTANDING SIMPLE TEXTS ABOUT A VARIETY OF EVENTS AND SITUATIONS
Topic 2: GIVING DIRECTIONS
Topic 3: DICTIONARY USE
Topic 4: EXPRESSING PERSONAL AND GROUP ROUTINE/HABITS
Topic 5: EXPRESSING ONGOING ACTIVITIES
Topic 6: EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKES
Topic 7: TALKING ABOUT ONE’S FAMILY
Topic 8: EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS
Topic 9: TALKING ABOUT PAST EVENTS/ACTIVITIES
10.  Topic 10: EXPRESSING FUTURE PLANS/ACTIVITIES

2 .  FORM ONE ENGLISH: TOPICS 11 - 13:  READING, PRONUNCIATION, VOCABULARY BUILDING, COMPREHENSION AND LITERARY INTEPRETATION (ANALYSIS)

Topics 11 up to 13 deal with Reading, pronunciation, vocabulary building, comprehension and Interpretation (analysis) skills. These skills require a teacher and students to do more reading. Students are guided to read more for comprehension, vocabulary building, good pronunciation, and appreciation of literary texts. All topics of this category can be found below:
Topic 11: READING A VARIETY OF TEXTS
        Intensive reading      
Topic 12: INTERPRETING LITERARY WORKS
                      Interpreting poems
Topic 13: ANALYSING INFORMATION FROM THE MEDIA
                      Analysing non-factual information from the media
3.   FORM ONE ENGLISH: TOPICS 14 - 16: WRITING, SPELLING AND PUNCTUATION

Topics 14 up to 16 deals with Writing and spelling skills. In this category, students and a teacher are expected to be involved in more writing activities like letters, notes, etc. If students are engaged well in this category, they can be better writers of various texts. They can also be free of punctuation errors. The following are the topics in this category:
Topic 14: WRITING PERSONAL LETTERS
Topic 15: TAKING NOTES
Topic 16: WRITING A VARIETY OF TEXTS

Conclusion
The language skills mentioned above are just among of varieties of language skills a teacher can use to interact with his/her students. The skills and sub skills of English Language learning should thoroughly be applied by any teacher for the students to have smooth learning of language.
Within 194 or 195 teaching days in a year, the teacher should help students achieve the stipulated class competence, goals and objectives through applying various skills, sub skills and other interactive teaching and learning activities.
Are you missing something? Do you want to improve the materials of this article? As a teacher or a student you can contribute to this article by dropping your comments below this article.

Reference
T.I.E (2010) English Syllabus For Secondary Schools: Forms I – IV, Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, Dar es Salaam.

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