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Saturday, 25 February 2017

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THE COMPREHENSIVE TEACHING IDEAS

On the Sub Topic, Stating Directions – Part 1

UNIT: 4:1

A: INFORMATION OF THE TOPIC:
1. Topic: GIVING DIRECTIOONS
2. Sub Topic: Stating Directions
3. Periods per sub topic: 10
4: Class: Form One

B: HOW TO TEACH THE TOPIC

GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Stating Directions is the sub topic that aims to help students to be able to give and ask for directions as well as using Four Points of the Compass in showing different directions.
In our daily life, we give and ask for various directions. And in another way, we use more advanced ways by applying four or more points of compass directions. With help of real environments, maps and the globe we locate four or more points at the same time.

In this Part 1 of the Sub Topic, the aspect of Giving and Asking for Directions using Descriptive language will be covered.

-ACTIVITIES & GAMES TO FACILITATE A LESSON:

Activity 1: BRAINSTORM WITH STUDENTS ON THE IMPORTANT VERBS AND QUESTIONS

It is always a good idea to familiarize students with the preliminary areas about the topic. In this lesson, students will learn how to give directions to another person when they ask you for directions on how to go somewhere.  To make the lesson more understandable, the students will also give examples of how to ask for directions as well. Before going to further activities, students have to know three important areas when giving and asking for directions. These areas are:

 (1)   IMPORTANT VERBS, PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASES:
The following verbs, prepositions and phrases are used often in giving and asking for directions:
Turn left, turn right, go straight, zebra crossing, take a bus, take a bodaboda, take bajaj, on your left, on your right hand, get, It is on the left, It is on the right, It is straight on, opposite, near, next to, between, at the end of Majengo street, on the corner of Kawawa road, at the end of Jamhuri Street, Behind the Petrol station, in front of the Bar, just around the corner from here, go along, cross, Take the first/second road on the left/right, on/at the corner, behind, in front of, (just) around the corner

 (2)   LANDMARKS.
These are places or important structures in our villages, towns, and cities that are important in locating different places. Some of them are:
Bank, Library, traffic lights, crossroads, junction, level crossing, signpost, T-junction, dead end, underpass, roundabout, flyover, motorway bridge, railway bridge, dual carriageway, pedestrian crossing, zebra crossing

(3)   QUESTIONS YOU CAN ASK ABOUT DIRECTIONS: 

These are the common questions that are used to ask for directions. When a person asks, this sentence help the one who has been asked to know what verbs or vocabulary to use when replying to the one who have asked: Some of these questions are:
§  Where is the nearest market?
§  How can I get to the local market?
§  I'm trying to get to Magomeni Street. How do I get there?
§  How do I get to the office?
§  What's the best way to get to your shop?
§  Can you please tell me how I can get to NMB ATM?
§  Where is Football stadium, can you tell me please?

                          A diagram showing some important terms and places:
Giving Directions

Photo via: Pinterest


Activity 2: USE OF CLASS SETTINGS/ENVIRONMENTS/GIVING DIRECTIONS CONVERSATION.
As a teacher, you can use a class as your setting for giving and asking for various directions. The following steps can interact with students within their class and give and ask for direction more comfortably:
  •   Create a good environment by naming things in the class look like real outdoor environments. For example, you may call desks ‘houses’, blackboard are ‘a highway’, and spaces between rows ‘streets or roads’.
  •   After that, stand at the back of the class, call one student to come at the back of the classroom, may be John. Tell other students to watch you. Tell or ask John, you want him to show you the way to Neema’s house, i.e, where Neema is sitting in the class. Neema must be somewhere in the class. Remember, the spaces between rows of desks are your ‘streets or roads’. Allow John to ask you appropriate question as they have learned like; ‘Please sir, can you show me the way to Neema’s house?’. Now give John the directions like these: ‘OK, John. Take this road and go straight up to the end of this street. Then turn left. Walk along the highway. At the corner of the second street on your left hand, walk down the street. The third house is Neema’s home’.
  •   Now, you can call another student and give him/her directions to a different place.
  •   Then, you can guide students to practice in pairs by giving and asking for directions in their own class.
  • And that’s Simple steps to teach Giving and Asking for Directions in the class! 
Activity 3: OUTDOOR ENVIRONMENT/SETTINGS.
You may also get students out of the class to make them interact more freely with the open air experiences. Having the knowledge of how to give and ask for directions in the classroom, they will now find it easier to use real environments. Here you can also follow these simple steps:
  •  As a teacher, select one or two good points where students can be comfortable when they start the exercise. It may be at the centre of the school or at one road or junction at the school. These will be the real environments. For example, they will have real structures like Administration Block, Staff Office, Library, Classrooms, Laboratory, Toilets, Teachers’ houses and many more.
  •   Put them in pairs or groups, give them instructions on what to do and let them begin this exercise.
  •   If they are in group, tell them to select two students who are going to perform the exercise. Allow other members of the group to record the directions given.
  •   As they conduct this activity, note down the errors you will clarify in the class or in the next period.
  •  After this outdoor exercise, you will allow students to present in the class and other groups will check their presentations, i.e, asking questions and commenting, and at the end, you will round up the lesson.
Activity 4: MORE PRACTICES AND EXAMPLES.

After all the exercises, you can round up the lesson by emphasizing on some important areas where students missed or where they should be aware of when giving and asking for various directions. In this part, you can add more areas like:
 (1)   More Examples On How To Give Directions To Somebody Else
  •         Turn left when you see a roundabout.
  •          Go straight on till you see the hospital then turn left.
  •          Turn right at the end of the road and my house is number 51.
  •          Cross the junction and keep going for about 1 mile.
  •          Take the third road on the right and you will see the office on the right.
  •          Take the second road on the left and you will see the house on the left.
  •          Take the second road on the left and you will see the hospital straight ahead.
  •          The hospital is opposite the railway station.
  •          The shop is near the hospital.
  •          The house is next to the local football ground.
  •          The shop is in between the Petrol Station and Uhuru Tower.
  •          Follow the signposts for Post Office.
 (2)   Giving directions conversation
Conversations are best way to give and ask for directions because signs, gestures, body language and other things like drawing are applied. When giving directions to someone it is best to use short basic English sentences. Speak slowly when talking to the other person and spell out words if they don't understand and if possible draw a map.
Juma: Please tell me how I get to your Restaurant?
Asha: Are you coming by car or by bus?
Juma: I am coming by car.
Asha: Take Stopa Road to Post Office and come of at T-junction. Our Restaurant is on the right.
Juma: Stopa, can you spell that for me?
Asha: S t o p a.
Juma: Thanks

EXERCISEE/ASSIGNMENT
At the end of the lesson, you may have a lot of activities, exercises, and assignments to give the students. Here are some suggestions:
You may use a certain diagram or a drawn school map that shows buildings with their names clearly written and ask them to attempt the following questions according to what is indicated in the diagram or a school map:
Question: Assume you are at Point A. Give directions to the following questions:
(i)                 How can you get to the Administration Block?
(ii)               What's the best way to reach Football pitch?
(iii)             How can you help a guest to go to Staff Office?

6: CONNECTION: Beyond the Sub Topic. This sub topic has a lot of extra-aspects to cover. Apart from helping students to know how to locate various places when they give and ask for directions, there also other activities they can get interacted with such as:
Speaking,
Listening, and.
Writing.

7: NOTE: There are some important tips when teaching this sub topic. The following should be emphasized to the students.
Speak slowly so the other person can understand.
Speak slowly so the other person can write down the instructions if talking on the phone.
When speaking with someone, use your hands to demonstrate what you mean, left, right, or straight on.
Always try and use the word "please" when you are asking someone for directions. It's polite, and people are more likely to help you!

**************

NEXT ASPECT of this Sub Topic is Giving and Asking for Directions using Four Points of the Compass.

Check out how to Study & Teach other Form One Sub Topics in this Blog!
And many more from ‘O’ Level English Blog!

Also check out how to Study & Teach the following Form Two Sub Topics in this Blog!
And many more from ‘O’ Level English Blog!

Also check out:
Form I Sub topics, at FORM I SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW
Form II Sub topics, at FORM II SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW
Form III Sub topics, at FORM III SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW  
Form IV Sub topics, at FORM IV SYLLABUS TOPICS REVIEW  

For more on Literature Topics, check out Literature in English Blog
For how to be professional keeper of your Diary in Kiswahili or English, check out My Diary


For Form IV NECTA Examination Sections, check out ELABORATED CSEE NECTA EXAMINATION SECTIONS

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