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Wednesday, 20 July 2022

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For easy mastering of English Pronunciation, every English Language learner have to possess the following pronunciation skills: 

ENGLISH ALPHABET 

Letter          Pronunciation  

(1) Aa - /ei/ 

(2) Bb - /bi:/ 

(3) CC - /si:/ 

(4) Dd - /di:/ 

(5) Ee - /i:/  

(6) Ff - /ef/ 

(7) Gg - /dʒ/ 

(8) Hh - /eiʧ/ 

(9) Ii - /ai/ 

(10) Jj - /dʒei/ 

(11) Kk - /kei/ 

(12) Ll - /el/ 

(13) Mm - /em/ 

(14) Nn - /en/ 

(15) Oo - /ou/ 

(16) Pp - /pi:/ 

(17) Qq - /kju:/ 

(18) Rr - /a:r/ 

(19) Ss - /es/ 

(20) Tt - /ti:/ 

(21) Uu - /ju:/  

(22) Vv - /vi:/ 

(23) Ww - /dʌbəlju:/ 

(24) Xx - /eks/ 

(25) Yy - /wai/ 

(26) Zz - /zi/ or /zed/ 

 

 

VOWELS

A vowel is the sound we make when the breath throws out through the mouth freely without being blocked. 

The English letters; a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels because they represent such sounds. 

English has 12 mouth positions for vowel sounds: /i ɪ e æ ə ɜ ʌ ɑ u ʊ ɔ ɒ/. It’s really important to put the tongue in a different place for each of these. 

 

There 20 vowel sounds in English which are divided into 3 types of vowel sounds: 

(A) Pure vowels 

Type 1: Long vowel sounds = 7 

Type 2: Short vowel sounds = 5

(B) Dipthongs 

Type 3: Dipthongs = 8

Total: 20 

 

Thus, 

Pure vowels (12)  

Dipthongs (8)  

 

Type 1: Long vowels 

(1) /a:/ - car, bath, safari  

(2) /o:/ - door, saw, walk 

(3) /e:/ - bird, work, hurt 

(4) /i:/ - sheep, eagle, field 

(5) /u:/ - moon, grew, through  

 

Type 2: Short vowels

(1) /I/ - bit, busy, started 

(2) /e/ - bed, said, dead 

(3) /æ/ - cat, mat, apple 

(4) /ʌ/ - cup, up, money 

(5) /u/ - good, put, should 

(6) /o/ - got, what, because 

(7) /ə/ - about, the, police  

 

Type 3: Dipthongs  

Dipthong is a vowel sound in which the tongue changes position to produce the sounds of 2 vowels.  

 

(1) /Iə/ - year, bear 

(2) /eə/ - chair, there 

(3) /əu/ - joke, vote 

(4) /ei/ - they, bathe 

(5) /aɪ/ - my, dice 

(6) /oi/ - joy, noise 

(7) /au/ - out, vow 

(8) /uə/ - poor, moor 

 

CONSONANTS

Consonant is a sound we make that is not a vowel. The breath is somehow blocked on its way out of the mouth. The English letters: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, W, Z are called consonants. 

 

There 24 consonant sounds in English which are divided into two types of consonant sounds: 

(1) Voiced sounds = 15 

(2) Voiceless sounds = 9 

 

Voiced consonants: 15  

(1) /b/ - ball, hobby, herb 

(2) /d/ - dog, added, played 

(3) /dʒ/ - jam, fridge, danger 

(4) /g/ - free, hug, league 

(5) /v/ - video, move, of 

(6) /ð/ - this, with, mother 

(7) /z/ - has, cosy, zebra 

(8) /ʒ/ - visual, leisure, television 

(9) /m/ - man, lamb, tummy 

(10) /n/ - no, funny, knife 

(11) /n/ - sing, uncle, angry 

(12) /j/ - yes, onion, view 

(13) /l/ - light, feel, smell 

(14) /r/ - right, berry, wrong 

(15) /w/ - win, one, where  

 

Voiceless consonants: 9  

(1) /p/ - pen, jump, hopping 

(2) /t/ - table, little, watched 

(3) /ʧ/ - itch, chips, picture 

(4) /k/ - ke, car, luck 

(5) /f/ - fire, laugh, phone 

(6) /th/ - thick, teeth, healthy 

(7) /s/ see, city, notice 

(8) /ʃ/ - shop, nation, special 

(9) /h/ - house, hungry, who 

 

DIGRAPHS

A Digraph is a combination of two letters that make one completely speech sound: 'sh' in 'shoe'. 

There are two kinds of digraphs: 

(1) Vowel digraphs

(2) Consonant digraphs

 

Vowel digraphs

(1) /ai/ - rain, main, train, paint 

(2) /ay/ - day, stay, play, today 

(3) /ea/ - seat, team, read, eat 

(4) /ee/ - bee, see, tree, free 

(5) /oa/ - road, soap, goat, boat 

(6) /ue/ - blue, glue, true, clue  

 

Consonant digraphs  

(1) /ch/ - much, chore, each, chair 

(2) /ck/ - rock, neck, back, duck 

(3) /gh/ - rough, cough, laugh, tough 

(4) /kn/ - know, knee, knife, knot 

(5) /ll/ - ball, wall, fall, all 

(6) /ng/ - sing, ring, king, wing 

(7) /ph/ - phone, graph, photo 

(8) /qu/ - Quiz, queen, quit, quiet 

(9) /sh/ - fish, dish, shoe, ship 

(10) /th/ - thing, think, bath, both 

(11) /wh/ - who, what, white, whale 

(12) /wr/ - write, wrap, wrist, wreck  

 

 

See Also:

ENGLISH STRUCTURE QUESTIONS:

[1] Academic Words Questions 1 - 50

[2] Academic Words Answers 1 - 50

[3] Adjective Questions 1 – 50

[4] Adjective Answers 1 - 50

[5] Adjective Questions 51 – 100

[6] Adjective Answers 51 - 100

[7] Adverbs Questions 1 – 50

[8] Adverb Answers 1 – 50

[9] Article Questions 1 - 50

[10] Article Answers 1 – 50

[11] Conjunction Questions 1 – 50

[12] Conjunction Answers 1 – 50

[13] Vocabulary Questions 1 - 50

[14] Vocabulary Answers 1 - 50

[15] Vocabulary Questions 51 - 100

[16] Vocabulary Answers 51 - 100

[17]  English Grammar questions

[18] 51-100 General Grammar Questions

[19] 51-100 General Grammar Answers

[20] 1-50 General Concessions Questions

[21] 1-50 General Concessions Answers

[22] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Questions

[23] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Answers

[24] 1-50 General Tense Questions

[25] 1-50 General Tense Answers

[26] 1-50 General Literature Questions

[27] 1-50 General Literature Answers

[28] 1-50 General Grammar Questions

[29] 1-50 General Grammar Answers

 

 

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Selected Poems

Passed Like a Shadow

Unanswered Cries

Black Hermit

The Lion and the Jewel

-This Time Tomorrow

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature" book (PDF)

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature in English" book (PDF)

 

For copies of these books,

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