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Friday, 8 July 2022

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INTRODUCTION

A WORD 

A word is a single unit of language.

Examples of words: a, an, soil, car, house, Peter, school, etc.


WORD CLASSES

By definition, a word class is one of the grammatical categories of words which reflect various functions in grammar.


GROUPS OF WORD CLASSES 

There are two major groups of Word classes: 

(A) Major word classes

English language has four major word classes: 

(1) Nouns 

(2) Verbs 

(3) Adjectives 

(4) Adverbs


Features and Examples of Major Word Classes 

(i) Major word classes have many thousands of members, and new nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are often created. 

(ii) Nouns are the most common type of word, followed by verbs.

(iii) Adjectives are less common and adverbs are even less common.

(iv) Many words belong to more than one word class. For example, 'surprise' can be used as a noun or as a verb; fast can be used as an adjective or an adverb:

- He surprised me.

> He left us with a great surprise.

- I love fast cars.

> I drive so fast.


More Examples of sentences: 

- I go to school everyday. (school = noun) 

- They go to the church on Sundays. (go = verb) 

- Serengeti is a great tourist attraction. (great = adjective) 

- Walk slowly. (slowly = adverb) 


(B) Minor word classes

The minor word classes include in English Language: 

(1) Prepositions 

(2) Pronouns 

(3) Determiners

(4) Articles 

(5) Conjunctions 

(6) Interjections 


Examples of sentences: 

- He lives in Dar es Salaam. (in = preposition) 

- He lives in Dar es Salaam. (He = pronoun) 

- An amazing story. (An = determiner/Article 

- Do it or leave it. (or = conjunction) 

- Wow! (interjection) 


Note: We'll learn more about word classes or parts of speech later in this course.


See Also:

ENGLISH STRUCTURE QUESTIONS:

[1] Academic Words Questions 1 - 50

[2] Academic Words Answers 1 - 50

[3] Adjective Questions 1 – 50

[4] Adjective Answers 1 - 50

[5] Adjective Questions 51 – 100

[6] Adjective Answers 51 - 100

[7] Adverbs Questions 1 – 50

[8] Adverb Answers 1 – 50

[9] Article Questions 1 - 50

[10] Article Answers 1 – 50

[11] Conjunction Questions 1 – 50

[12] Conjunction Answers 1 – 50

[13] Vocabulary Questions 1 - 50

[14] Vocabulary Answers 1 - 50

[15] Vocabulary Questions 51 - 100

[16] Vocabulary Answers 51 - 100

[17]  English Grammar questions

[18] 51-100 General Grammar Questions

[19] 51-100 General Grammar Answers

[20] 1-50 General Concessions Questions

[21] 1-50 General Concessions Answers

[22] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Questions

[23] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Answers

[24] 1-50 General Tense Questions

[25] 1-50 General Tense Answers

[26] 1-50 General Literature Questions

[27] 1-50 General Literature Answers

[28] 1-50 General Grammar Questions

[29] 1-50 General Grammar Answers

 

 

Related Articles:

-Growing Up with Poetry

Summons

Selected Poems

Passed Like a Shadow

Unanswered Cries

Black Hermit

The Lion and the Jewel

-This Time Tomorrow

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature" book (PDF)

"A Comprehensive Handbook for Ordinary Level Literature in English" book (PDF)

 

For copies of these books,

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