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Wednesday, 7 September 2022

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Present perfect continuous tense is the kind of tense that expresses an action that has just stopped or recently stopped (I’m tired because I have been running) or an action that is continuing to happen right now (I have been reading for 3 hours). 

(This tens is also used with ‘Since’ and ‘For’) 

 

A. Positive sentences 

Structural pattern: Subject + has/have + been + present participle: 

(This pattern is often used with: since, for, while and when for marking the duration of time) 

Examples: 

  • I have been washing my clothes. 
  • (I have been washing since morning) 
  • She has been cooking ugali. 
  • (She has been cooking for two hours) 
  • They have been playing football. 
  • (They have been playing since 5 p.m) 

 

B. Negative Sentences

Structural pattern: Subject + has/have + not + been + present participle:

Examples:

  • I have not/haven't been washing my clothes. 
  • (I have not/haven't been washing since morning) 
  • She has not/hasn't been cooking ugali. 
  • (She has not/hasn't been cooking for two hours) 
  • They have not/haven't been playing football. 
  • (They have not/haven't been playing since 5 p.m) 

 

C. Interrogative Sentences

Structural pattern: Auxiliaries 'has/have' + Subject + been + present participle: 

(a) Positive Interrogative Sentences 

Structural pattern: Auxiliaries 'has/have' + subject+ been + present participle:

Examples:  

  • Have I been washing my clothes? 
  • (Have I been washing since morning?) 
  • Has she been cooking ugali? 
  • (Has she been cooking for two hours?) 
  • Have they been playing football? 
  • (Have they been playing since 5 p.m) 

(b) Negative Interrogative Sentences 

Structural pattern: Negative auxiliaries 'hasn't /haven't' + subject + been + present participle:

Examples: 

  • Haven't I been washing my clothes? 
  • (Haven't I been washing since morning?) 
  • Hasn't she been cooking ugali? 
  • (Hasn't she been cooking for two hours?) 
  • Haven't they been playing football? 
  • (Haven't they been playing since 5 p.m?) 




See Also:

ENGLISH STRUCTURE QUESTIONS:

[1] Academic Words Questions 1 - 50

[2] Academic Words Answers 1 - 50

[3] Adjective Questions 1 – 50

[4] Adjective Answers 1 - 50

[5] Adjective Questions 51 – 100

[6] Adjective Answers 51 - 100

[7] Adverbs Questions 1 – 50

[8] Adverb Answers 1 – 50

[9] Article Questions 1 - 50

[10] Article Answers 1 – 50

[11] Conjunction Questions 1 – 50

[12] Conjunction Answers 1 – 50

[13] Vocabulary Questions 1 - 50

[14] Vocabulary Answers 1 - 50

[15] Vocabulary Questions 51 - 100

[16] Vocabulary Answers 51 - 100

[17]  English Grammar questions

[18] 51-100 General Grammar Questions

[19] 51-100 General Grammar Answers

[20] 1-50 General Concessions Questions

[21] 1-50 General Concessions Answers

[22] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Questions

[23] 1-50 General Sentence Structure Answers

[24] 1-50 General Tense Questions

[25] 1-50 General Tense Answers

[26] 1-50 General Literature Questions

[27] 1-50 General Literature Answers

[28] 1-50 General Grammar Questions

[29] 1-50 General Grammar Answers

 

 

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